Claude Monet:  Claude Monet, born in Paris in 1840, was almost in every sense the founder of French Impressionism. The term itself came from Monet's painting called Impression, Sunrise.  The average selling price of a Monet painting is $7020 million.   During the last 30 years of his life, suffering from cataracts, Monet focused his painting on his own flower gardens-painting his famous water lilies in their beauty-trying to create the world's most beautiful painting.